A) Answer – A written pleading filed by a defendant to respond to a complaint in a lawsuit, filed and served upon that defendant. An answer generally contests and responds to each allegation in the complaint by denying or admitting it, or admitting in part and denying in part.
B) Appeal to New York Appellate Division – Appeals are taken to the Appellate Division, as a matter of right or as of leave, in civil and criminal cases, from a New York Supreme Court, Surrogate’s Court, Family Court and Court of Claims. The Appellate Division has broad powers to review questions of law and fact, and to make new findings of fact by applying the law.
C) Motion to Dismiss – A Motion to Dismiss is a party’s request to a court to dismiss a complaint, majorly because of plaintiff’s failure to properly state a cause of action on which relief can be granted.
D) Motion for Summary Judgement – A party files a Motion for Summary Judgement to request a court to rule that the other party has no case, because there are no facts at issue and the relief/s in a complaint need/s to be granted in favour of the movant.
E) Motion to Intervene – A non-party in a lawsuit-in-progress can join as a party by making a Motion to Intervene, if such a non-party has an interest in the subject matter of the original suit.
F) Motion to Quash – A Motion to Quash is a request to a court to render a previous decision of that court or a lower judicial body null and invalid.
G) Motion to Compel – A party files a Motion to Compel requesting a court to direct an opposing party or a third party to take some action generally in discovery disputes, when the movant has propounded discovery to either the opposing party or a third party and believes that the discovery responses from the opposing party or the third party are insufficient.
H) Motion in Limine – A party files a Motion in Limine requesting court for an order limiting or preventing certain irrelevant, inadmissible or prejudicial evidence from being presented by the other side at the trial of the case.